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The availability of electronic health record (EHR) data from new settings is creating opportunities for syndromic surveillance. To demonstrate how some early adopters are using the data, IDIS has compiled nearly 50 articles on syndromic surveillance using EHR data from hospital and ambulatory settings into an annotated bibliography. The bibliography is a valuable resource for both practitioners and researchers as they consider the feasibility and utility of using new types of clinical data for syndromic surveillance purposes. The bibliography also describes uses for data elements not commonly associated with syndromic surveillance, such as laboratory orders and results and medication usage. This resource will help to illustrate the value and limitations of these types of data as public health moves forward with implementing the Meaningful Use program.