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Immunization


NACCHO is dedicated to strengthening the immunization infrastructure of local health departments (LHDs). NACCHO addresses critical issues faced by LHDs, such as vaccine safety, supply, and financing, as well as vaccine-preventable diseases. More »

 
In the Spotlight
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August is National Immunization Awareness Month (#NIAM14) which is an opportunity to highlight the value of immunizations and encourage your community to protect themselves against infectious diseases. Visit the National Public Health Information Coalition’s toolkit to plan activities to promote this important public health observance at your health department. The toolkit is designed to help you communicate the importance of immunizations and contains vaccine information, key messages, sample news releases, social media messages, articles and links to web resources from CDC and other organizations. http://www.nphic.org/niam. The weekly themes include: A Healthy Start (Aug. 3-9), Back to School (Aug. 10-16), Off to the Future (Aug. 17-23), and Not Just for Kids (Aug. 24-30). More »



 
NACCHO’s Billing For Clinical Services Toolkit
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NACCHO was funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to create a toolkit with resources, templates, and tools for local health departments to use and develop capacity to bill third party payers for immunization, STD, TB and HIV services. More than 200 resources have currently been collected from state billing guides, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, state health departments, local health departments, insurance companies, and vendors of products such as electronic medical records and billing clearinghouses.

The Billing for Clinical Services Toolkit provides information to local health departments that are interested in starting the process to bill public and private sector payers for immunization and other clinical services. This toolkit also provides information:

  • Information to local health departments that are interested in starting the process to bill public and private sector payers for clinical; and
  • Details on how to get started, such as the steps of the credentialing and contracting processes, and how to submit claims.
More »

 
Adult Immunization Resources

Here are a few resources that will help LHDs implement adult immunization activities:

On February 3, 2014 the recommended adult schedule for healthcare professionals was updated. The full version and an easy-to-read version for consumers is available at CDC’s website.

On February 3, 2014 Annals of Internal Medicine published a paper by Hurley, et al U.S. Physicians Survey Regarding Adult Vaccine Delivery: Missed Opportunities. This paper provides insights into vaccination practices and recommended strategies for improving vaccine delivery.

On February 6th, MMWR published Noninfluenza Vaccination Coverage Among Adults -- United States, 2012 covering the most recent estimates of adult non-influenza vaccine uptake in the United States from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). This report shows that, despite modest gains in vaccine coverage from 2011 to 2012 for 3 vaccines, the number of adults getting their recommended vaccines remains very low.

Standards for Adult Immunization Practice

Public Health Reports published the Recommendations from the National Vaccine Advisory Committee: Standards for Adult Immunization Practice. These standards acknowledge the current low levels of vaccine coverage among adults and the role that public health departments and other healthcare providers have in ensuring that their patients are up-to-date on recommended vaccines. The Standards are available here

NACCHO published the issue brief National Vaccine Advisory Committee 2013 Update of the Standards for Adult Immunization Practice and Implications for Local Health Departments to discuss the public health standards and how they will affect LHDs.

More »

 
Seasonal Influenza News

2012-2013 Influenza Season Coverage Rates

Final state-specific influenza vaccination coverage estimates for the 2012–13 season are now available online at FluVaxView. The online information includes estimates of the percentage of persons vaccinated during July 2012–May 2013, for each state, for each U.S. Department of Health and Human Services region, and for the United States overall. In addition read more on specific coverage rates for health-care workers and pregnant women.

2013-2014 Influenza Vaccines

The World Health Organization and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee (VRBPAC) have announced their recommendations for the vaccine viruses to be included in the 2013-2014 influenza vaccines. The recommendations again include a fourth vaccine virus component as an option for manufacturers that choose to produce a quadrivalent vaccine.The recommended vaccine virus for the influenza A H1N1 component remains the same. The recommended A(H3N2) and B components have been updated. These are:

  •  An A/California/7/2009 (H1N1) pdm09-like virus (this is unchanged; manufacturers can use the same vaccine candidate viruses to produce vaccine for the upcoming season),
  • An A(H3N2) virus antigenically similar to thecell-propagated or cell-grown A/Victoria/361/2011 (H3N2)-like virus (this is an update from last season's vaccine; manufacturers will need to change the vaccine virus candidate)
  • A B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like virus (Yamagata lineage; this is a different virus, however it is related to and antigenically similar to the 2012-2013 influenza B component; manufacturers will need to change the vaccine virus candidate).

Visit www.cdc.gov/flu/professionals/vaccination/virusqa.htm for information about the process used to select the vaccine viruses for the seasonal flu vaccine.

Live Tracking Influenza Vaccination Map from HHS

This mapping tool is a resource for researchers, providers, LHDs, and healthcare workers to track influenza vaccination claims rates of Medicare beneficiaries in real-time. It includes information for every county and Zip code in the United States. This tool was developed by the HHS's National Vaccine Program Office.

 
What's New in Immunizations

Economic Evaluation of the Routine Childhood Immunization Program in the United Stated, 2009

A new CDC study published in the March 2014 edition of the journal "Pediatrics" shows that childhood immunization saves lives and money.

VaxiTrends Social and Attitudinal Barometers Presentation

An interesting study from Sanofi Pasteur and live map on Health Map to show social activity and trends around immunization.

The Silver Book: Infectious Diseases and Prevention Through Vaccination
On December 4, 2013, the Alliance for Aging Research hosted a briefing for The Silver Book: Infectious Diseases and Prevention through Vaccination. The speakers’ slides are available online at the Alliance for Aging Research website. The Silver Book volume and accompanying fact sheet can be found on the Silver Book website.

CDC Launches New Vaccine Resources
The CDC recently launched new English-language materials to educate parents of children younger than two about vaccine-preventable diseases and childhood vaccines. These resources include videos and PSAs. Health departments, coalitions, healthcare providers and other organizations are encouraged to link to these materials from their websites and promote them to constituents and parents.  The animated PSAs can also be offered to local media outlets.

2013 Immunization Schedules are Available
The 2013 recommended immunization schedules for children and adolescents (birth through 18 years) and adults (19 years old and older) are now available online in the January 28 CDC''s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Supplement.

IOM Report, Childhood Vaccination Schedule Found To Be Safe
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report entitled "The Childhood Immunization Schedule and Safety: Stakeholder Concerns, Scientific Evidence, and Future Studies," was published on January 16, 2013. This report determined that the childhood vaccination schedule is safe and it  is not linked to developmental disorders. The report brief and full report can be found online here.

Study on State Law, Influenza Vaccination & Healthcare Personnel: Update
A presentation from Alexandra Stewart, from The George Washington University, on how state laws address mandatory influenza vaccinations for HCPs, recommendations and model language, and what legal environment is needed to encourage flu vaccinations for all HCPs.

Joint Commission and Healthcare Worker Vaccination Against Influenza
Joint Commission Adds Additional Weight to Importance of Healthcare Worker Vaccination Against Influenza is an article on the Infection Control Today website that discusses the Joint Commission''s recent progress in the area of healthcare worker vaccination against influenza. The Joint Commission now requires healthcare organizations to establish an annual influenza vaccination program for staff.

Provider Resources for Vaccine Conversations with Parents
Provider Resources for Vaccine Conversations with Parents
are updated regularly to reflect the most current information available about vaccines, vaccine safety, and vaccine-preventable diseases. CDC recently reviewed and updated (when necessary) the Understanding Vaccines and Vaccine Safety series of fact sheets. 

Adult Hepatitis B Immunization Toolkit Now Available
Local Public Health Applications for Implementing Adult Hepatitis B Virus Vaccination Initiatives
contains: 1) case studies and key lessons learned from local health departments (LHDs) and their partners, 2) tools that LHDS and partners can download and modify for their own use, and 3) general resources to assist LHDs and their partners administer hepatitis B vaccine to high-risk adults through new services or through program/service integration.

 
Journal Articles

Here are relevant and timely journal articles on immunization:


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Workshop: August 12-15, 2014

 


Webinar: August 21, 2014