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Health Impact Assessment

Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is defined by the National Research Council as "a systematic process that uses an array of data sources and analytic methods and considers input from stakeholders to determine the potential effects of a proposed policy, plan, program, or project on the health of a population and the distribution of those effects within the population. HIA provides recommendations on monitoring and managing those effects." NACCHO aims to build the capacity of local health departments to be involved in decision-making processes through the use of HIA, and extend their role in public policies that impact health outcomes and health equity. 

In the Spotlight
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Congratulations to the HIA Project Awardees

Through support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Healthy Community Design Initiative, Fairfax County Health Department and the Institute for Population Health in Detroit, MI were selected from a competitive pool of applicants to receive funding and support to complete an HIA and build their capacities to advance the practice of HIA within their organizations. These projects will be conducted between January and June 2014. 

Fairfax County Health Department, Fairfax, VA

Richmond Highway Transit Center Project 

The Fairfax County Health Department is conducting an HIA on the proposed Richmond Highway Transit Center. Through collaboration with governmental partners and community stakeholders, the HIA will examine the health impacts of the two viable alternative sites being considered to inform the site selection process.

For more information on the Fairfax County Health Department, please click here.

Institute for Population Health, Detroit, MI

Hardest Hit Fund Demolition and Housing Stability Project 

The Institute for Population Health (IPH) plans to conduct an HIA on the Hardest Hit Fund (HHF) Program in Detroit, MI, a federal program that provides targeted aid to help families in states hit hard by the economic and housing market downturn. The HIA aims to inform selection of properties, demolition processes, and long-term land use strategies in conjunction with stakeholders. The HIA also intends to guide opportunities to improve health in these areas.

For more information on IPH, please click here.

For more information about these projects, please click here.

HIA Project Descriptions

Learn more about the HIA projects NACCHO is currently supporting. More »

NACCHO Voice: The Word on Local Health Departments

The blog post discusses how HIA help local health departments partner with decision-makers and other stakeholders to advance healthy public policies. More »

Featured Resources

Health Impact Assessment: Quick Guide

This guide provides brief orientation to potential users of HIA who are working to create healthier living environments. More »

Planning for Healthy Places with Health Impact Assessments

This resource is a "how to" guide for conducting Health Impact Assessment, developed by the American Planning Association and NACCHO, sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. More »

HIA Mentorship Project 2013 - 2014 Toolkit

This toolkit provides a basic primer on HIA and a number of resources on the topic. The toolkit is not meant to be comprehensive, but can serve as an introduction to HIA, or a refresher for more seasoned practitioners. More »